dr. S. (Sri) Margana

Sri MarganaSri Margana obtained his Bachelor and Master degrees from the Department of History, The Faculty of Humanities, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, in 1995 and 2001. In 2001 he joined the advanced Master programme of CNWS, University of Leiden, the Netherlands, within the framework of TANAP (Towards a New Age of Partnership) project. In 2007 he obtained a PhD degree from the University of Leiden. In 2010, he was research fellow at the NIOD institute for three months. Within the framework of the Sites, Bodies and Stories research project, he worked on notions of citizenship and conflict in the context of current historical debate among the people of Banyuwangi (Eastern Java). Being a lecturer at Gadjah Mada University since 1998, he is currently Head of the History Department.

Outsiders and Stigma: Reconstruction of Local Identity in Banyuwangi

Throughout its history the image of Banyuwangi is mostly defined by others. For centuries they have been negatively stigmatized by outsiders through historiography, literatures, journals, arts, performances, pamphlets, and political addresses. Academics, aristocrats, artists, migrants, travelers, journalists, and politicians are involved in this stigmatization. The people of Banyuwangi are often described as rebellious, unfaithful, hostile, and outclass etc. Through history writing and other cultural movements they are trying to reformulate their true identity. This article analyses historical and cultural context of the stigmatization towards people of Banyuwangi by outsiders and problems in creating local identity. The cultural endeavors made by contemporary people of Banyuwangi through historiography and culture are a direct response to stigmas created by outsiders. It is an awareness of creating a new identity which led to the deconstruction of the old local and national historiography.